Roulette Game Casinos and Game Guide

Roulette is one of the oldest and one of the most commonly played table casino games in history. There are many casinos, especially in Monte Carlo that are based around these magnificent gaming tables. This game is favored by millions of players who flock to land based and online casinos in order to enjoy a spin of the wheel. There are various versions of the game including French roulette, American Roulette and European Roulette. All of the games have the same concept and main rules but they differ slightly in the odds, the payouts and the numbers on the roulette wheel.

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Speaking of the roulette wheel, it is one of the 3 main parts of a game of roulette. This wheel is divided into 37 or 38 numbered slots, depending on the version. These number slots have one green slot which is the zero “0”, or 2 green slots, the zero “0” and the double zero “00”. As for the rest of the number slots, the thirty-six numbers, half of them are black and the other half is red, and they contain numbers from one to thirty-six. The 2nd part of the game is the roulette ball which is a small white ball that is thrown on the roulette wheel which determines the winning number. The last part is the betting area and platform of the game. It comes in the form of a piece of cloth that is green in color and it has the different wagers printed on it so players can place their wagers during the game play.

Roulette History

Roulette certainly debuted in France; this is because the name itself “Roulette” is a French term that translates to “Little Wheel”. Although, there are many stories and documentations of the roulette wheel in Ancient Rome and China since they had similar wheel games but, the roulette table as we know it originated in France. The roulette wheel was invented by a mathematician from France whose name was Blaise Pascal. The Roulette game then started to spread in Europe and it was a great success in Germany but the game really became popular in Monaco and it was the foundation of the Monte Carlo gambling empire.

As for the modern day roulette that can be seen at casinos, it was invented by the brothers Blanc, Francois & Louis Blanc, this happened in the year 1842. They invented the first ever French roulette table and wheel. This wheel had 37 number slots that included one “0”, which is the same setup of the French roulette wheel of today. This zero was introduced to the roulette wheel in order to give the house an advantage and increase its edge because without it, the wheel will be a losing investment for casinos who offer it. The game was a great hit in Germany but that did not last long as Germany banned gambling soon after, things started to look bad for the brothers but they were saved by King Charles.

King Charles adopted their game and offered it in a casino that he built in Monte Carlo in order to get the country out of the bad financial and economical state that it was in. In that casino, the roulette was one of the greatest, if not the greatest source of income for the kingdom. This is the reason behind the fact that the table of roulette became and still is the main symbol of the casino culture of Monte Carlo.

The game then succeeded in crossing the Atlantic Ocean in order to reach the States and it was a great hit over there as well, especially at the time of the Gold Fever as there was a great amount of money moving around and gamblers used to throw big money bets on the table. The casinos decided to capitalize on the popularity of the game by boasting their odds and their advantage by adding a new casino slot to the wheel, the double zero slot “00”. This is why the roulette wheel that has 38 slots with a “0” and a “00” is called the American Roulette.

The two main versions are still the same, the French roulette with one “0”, which can be found at casinos in Europe and France and the American roulette with “0” and “00” which can be found at casinos in American such as the casinos in Atlantic City and Las Vegas. The online world also adopted this game and offered players plenty of versions and since the internet knows no limits, players in France can enjoy American roulette while American players can enjoy French roulette through the internet. Other online variations of the game include Mini-Roulette and Multi-wheel roulette.

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How to Play Roulette

The gaming procedure of Roulette begins like any other game; it starts as players at the roulette table place their desired stakes. These stakes are placed on the different bets that roulette players can find at the betting platform of the roulette table. Before going into that, it is important to note that since players will place wagers at the same area, their chips might mix and the dealer might get confused; this is why casinos have special chips for the roulette table. Players can exchange their casino chips or money at the table for these roulette chips. These chips can only be exchanged at the table, so players must be sure to exchange them back for casino chips before they leave. These chips have different and distinct colors so each player can easily spot his chips and same goes for the dealer, this way, the chips will not get mixed together which can cause a lot of trouble at the table.


When players get these chips, they will start placing them as they please on the numbers or the bets at the betting platform. They will keep doing that while the dealer, also referred to as the Croupier, throws the roulette ball on the wheel of the game while spinning the wheel itself in an opposite direction. The ball will start to spin while players place wagers, remove existing wagers or even change their own wagers. Once the ball slows down, the croupier will announce the end of the wagering period by saying loudly “No More Bets”. When he says that, it means that all of the stakes and the chips on the platform are final. These bets cannot be changed or removed and new bets cannot be placed.

The ball will then land on one of the numbers on the wheel, which is the winning number. The croupier will place a small item made of glass that is called a “Dolly” on that winning number at the betting platform. According to that number, the croupier will start paying players their winnings if they placed any winning bets while taking in any losing bets. Players are not permitted to place new bets or touch the chips until the croupier finishes paying the winning and taking the losing ones. After the croupier is done with that, he will signal players that a new round has begun so they can start placing stakes for the next spin of the wheel.

Players will get paid according to their bets as each bet has its own odds and payout. For example, betting on Black or Red has 50:50 odds, this is why this bet pays even money (one to one) and same goes for the Odd and Even bet and the first half and second half bet. There are other bets such as the straight number bet which pays 35:1, which is the highest paying bet in the game because it has odds of 1:37 or 1:38, depending on the roulette version.

Roulette Rules

Roulette is a pretty straightforward and a simple game but it does come with a set of etiquette and rules that players are expected to know and follow while being at the roulette table, these rules include the following:

– Roulette players are not allowed to move their chips or touch them after a croupier will blare out “No More Bets – Please”.

– After the ball stops spinning and the croupier puts the Dolly on the number that the ball landed on, players are not permitted to touch the chips or place new bets until the croupier pays the winning bets and takes losing ones and signals a new round.

– Players are not allowed to have cell phones or cameras at the roulette table as all electronics are not allowed. Players will only be allowed to place money, chips, cigarettes and drinks on the table while playing.

– Cashing in the chips or buying roulette chips is only done in between the roulette spins and it can’t be done while the game is in play.

– Players can place called bets in which they will call the bet and the dealer will place it. If the croupier is busy, he may not accept the bet and the bet is not official unless the croupier repeats the bet for everyone to hear.

– Players who have stakes on the roulette table are the only ones permitted to take a seat around the table. Players who do not have any bets will have to stand as they can’t sit if they are not involved in the game.

– Players will not be able to place new bets for a new spin until the croupier pays off all winning bets to their players as well as clearing all of the losing ones. Players will then be given time to place new bets before the next spin begins.

Since all of these rules are related to the roulette table in land-based casinos, it is obvious that these rules do not exist in the online realm. This is because at the online roulette tables, there are no other players and no croupier. The procedure is much simpler as players place wagers and click on the spin button to initiate the game. Speaking of which, players can find plenty of different versions of roulette at online casinos including the three land based versions, French Roulette, European Roulette and American Roulette. They will find other versions such as Multi Wheel Roulette which lets players place stakes on 8 roulette wheels at the same time. There is also the Mini Roulette game which offers players the chance to bet on a smaller roulette wheel with half the numbers which increases the odds for players. The rules, payouts and odds of each online version of roulette can be viewed at the game itself. These rules can usually be found if players click on View Rules or Rules.

Roulette Odds

The odds of the game differ from one roulette wheel to another. This is because the different versions of the game have different setups; hence, they have different odds and varying house edge.

The house edge represents the casino’s advantage that it has over the gamblers. It is also used to refer to the percentage of the winnings that are taken from players whenever they win. For example, for the French version of roulette, the one that has one zero “0” green slot, the house edge is 2.7 percent. On the other hand, the American Roulette version that has the 00 green slots, the edge is equal 5.26 percent. American roulette’s edge for the five-number bet on (zero “0”, double zero “00”, one, two and three) is equal 7.9 percent. This makes it obvious why many roulette players prefer to play French roulette than American roulette. Besides the lower house edge, the odds are also better. For example, players who are placing a straight money wager on French roulette, since there are thirty-seven slots at the wheel, so the chances are equal 1 in 37 but for American roulette, the same bet has a 1 in 38 chance because of the extra 00 slot.

Each bet has its own odds at the roulette wheel; this is why we are going to mention some of the most commonly placed bets, their odds and their payouts.

– Black and Red: Players will win it if the ball lands on a Black number (if they bet black) and they will win if it lands on a red number (if they bet red). The chances of this happening is almost 50%, this is clearly why the bet pays players one to one (even money).

– Odds and Evens: Players will win if the ball lands on an even number (if they bet even) and they will win if it lands on an odd number (if they bet odd). Like the previous bet, the chances are also 50% so it pays one to one.

– Straight Bets: In this bet, players will select one number and place a bet on it, since the chances of this bet winning are very low as they are 1/37 (1/38 if it is American roulette); it pays generously; it pays thirty-five to one (35:1).

– Other bets include the Six Number bet which pays 5 : 1, the Two Number bet which pays 17 : 1 and a dozen or column bet that pays 2 : 1.

Roulette Strategy

Roulette is not a game that requires a set of skills and players can’t count cards or numbers since there are no cards or numbers to count. The game depends on luck, as the outcome of the roulette wheel is unpredictable no matter how hard players and researchers tried. The outcome is 100% random, except of the wheel is rigged.

This is why there are no strategies for this game. On the other hand, there are some people who invented some betting systems and strategies that can theoretically increase your odds. Of course, they do not work 100% and some of them might even make you lose more money.

The Martingale Wagering Strategy:

This system was invented by Martingale. The strategy states that players will place a number of chips on any of the bets at the table. If they lose, they will place double the original stake on the same bet. If it loses again, they double it again and so on until they win. When they win, they will get all of their money back plus profit. This sounds very good on paper but in reality, it is not that fruitful. This is because at roulette tables, there are house limits, which is a limit on the amount of the stake. Players can easily hit that limit or they can run out of chips before they get a chance to win.

Andre Martinez Wagering strategy:

According to Andre Martinez, if players place the same bet on a straight money bet for thirty-five consecutive times, they will win. This is because there is a 1/35 probability that the ball will land on that number. Of course, players can lose all of their money before that ever happening.